Nutrition and Diet
- •Sodium – less than 2300 mg/day
- •Protein – varies depending on the stage of CKD
- •Potassium – individualized; adjust intake to maintain within the normal laboratory value
- •Phosphorus – individualized; adjust intake to maintain within the normal laboratory value
- •Calcium – aim to maintain a neutral calcium balance with adjustment of intake based on the stage of CKD, calcium source, and use of active vitamin D or calcimimetics
Your Guide to the New Food Label.
- KDOQI Nutrition in CKD Guideline Work Group. KDOQI clinical practice guideline for nutrition in CKD: 2020 update.Am J Kidney Dis. 2020; 76: S1-S107
- Your Guide to the New Food Label.(Available at:)https://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/foodlabel#:∼:text=Potassium%20and%20phosphorus%20may%20be,are%20not%20in%20that%20foodDate: 2019Date accessed: January 10, 2021
- Protein nutrition and malnutrition in CKD and ESRD.Nutrients. 2017; 9: 208
- Strategies to promote adherence to nutritional advice in patients with chronic kidney disease: a narrative review and commentary.Int J Nephrol Renovasc Dis. 2016; 9: 21-33
- Clinical taste perception test for patients with end-stage kidney disease on dialysis.J Ren Nutr. 2020; 30: 79-84
- Major barriers responsible for malnutrition in hemodialysis patients: Challenges to optimal nutrition.Nephrourol Mon. 2014; 6: e23158
Financial Disclosure: The authors declare that they have no relevant financial interests.