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Daily Walking Dose and Health-related Quality of Life in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease

  • Author Footnotes
    1 These authors contributed equally.
    Jiachuan Xiong
    Footnotes
    1 These authors contributed equally.
    Affiliations
    Department of Nephrology, the Key Laboratory for the Prevention and Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease of Chongqing, Chongqing Clinical Research Center of Kidney and Urology Diseases, Xinqiao Hospital, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, P.R. China
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  • Author Footnotes
    1 These authors contributed equally.
    Hongmei Peng
    Footnotes
    1 These authors contributed equally.
    Affiliations
    Department of Nephrology, the Key Laboratory for the Prevention and Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease of Chongqing, Chongqing Clinical Research Center of Kidney and Urology Diseases, Xinqiao Hospital, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, P.R. China
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  • Zhikai Yu
    Affiliations
    Department of Nephrology, the Key Laboratory for the Prevention and Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease of Chongqing, Chongqing Clinical Research Center of Kidney and Urology Diseases, Xinqiao Hospital, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, P.R. China
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  • Yan Chen
    Affiliations
    Department of Nephrology, the Key Laboratory for the Prevention and Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease of Chongqing, Chongqing Clinical Research Center of Kidney and Urology Diseases, Xinqiao Hospital, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, P.R. China
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  • Shi Pu
    Affiliations
    Department of Nephrology, the Key Laboratory for the Prevention and Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease of Chongqing, Chongqing Clinical Research Center of Kidney and Urology Diseases, Xinqiao Hospital, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, P.R. China
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  • Yang Li
    Affiliations
    Department of Nephrology, the Key Laboratory for the Prevention and Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease of Chongqing, Chongqing Clinical Research Center of Kidney and Urology Diseases, Xinqiao Hospital, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, P.R. China
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  • Xia Huang
    Affiliations
    Department of Nephrology, the Key Laboratory for the Prevention and Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease of Chongqing, Chongqing Clinical Research Center of Kidney and Urology Diseases, Xinqiao Hospital, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, P.R. China
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  • Xiangchun Tang
    Affiliations
    Department of Nephrology, the Key Laboratory for the Prevention and Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease of Chongqing, Chongqing Clinical Research Center of Kidney and Urology Diseases, Xinqiao Hospital, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, P.R. China
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  • Jing He
    Affiliations
    Nursing Department, Xinqiao Hospital, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, P.R. China
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  • Yu Shi
    Correspondence
    Address correspondence to Jinghong Zhao, MD, PhD, or Yu Shi, MD, RN, Department of Nephrology, the Key Laboratory for the Prevention and Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease of Chongqing, Chongqing Clinical Research Center of Kidney and Urology Diseases, Xinqiao Hospital, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, China 400037.
    Affiliations
    Department of Nephrology, the Key Laboratory for the Prevention and Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease of Chongqing, Chongqing Clinical Research Center of Kidney and Urology Diseases, Xinqiao Hospital, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, P.R. China
    Search for articles by this author
  • Jinghong Zhao
    Correspondence
    Address correspondence to Jinghong Zhao, MD, PhD, or Yu Shi, MD, RN, Department of Nephrology, the Key Laboratory for the Prevention and Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease of Chongqing, Chongqing Clinical Research Center of Kidney and Urology Diseases, Xinqiao Hospital, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, China 400037.
    Affiliations
    Department of Nephrology, the Key Laboratory for the Prevention and Treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease of Chongqing, Chongqing Clinical Research Center of Kidney and Urology Diseases, Xinqiao Hospital, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, P.R. China
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    1 These authors contributed equally.
Published:February 05, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jrn.2022.01.015

      Objective

      Exercise, like daily walking, may improve overall health and impede progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD); however, no specific walking dose has been recommended for patients with CKD. We aimed to investigate the association between daily walking steps and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adults with CKD.

      Design and Methods

      The walking steps of patients with CKD were extracted from the We Run mobile application. Their average daily walking steps were calculated and subdivided into the low-, middle-, and high-level groups. HRQOL was assessed using the physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) of the MOS 36 Short Form Health Survey (SF-36).

      Results

      A total of 558 adults (50.5%, men) with an average age of 40.2 (±13.8) years were enrolled. The median daily step count was 7,404 steps. The daily walking step count demonstrated an inverse U-shaped relationship with the SF-36 and subscale scores. Participants with daily walking steps between 7,000 and 12,000 have the highest PCS (68.1 ± 12.2) and MCS scores (70.0 ± 19.5). The multiple linear regression model showed that compared with patients with a daily step count of 7,000 to 12,000, patients with a daily step count >12,000 had a significantly lower MCS score (P < .001), while patients with a daily step count <7,000 had significantly lower PCS (P < .001) and MCS scores (P = .034). Moreover, the multivariable logistic regression model showed that patients with a daily step count >12,000 had significantly lower mental health–related quality (odds ratio [OR], 2.188; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.079-1.439 for low MCS), while those with a daily step count <7,000 had a significantly lower HRQOL than the 7,000 to 12,000 daily step count group (OR, 2.113; 95% CI, 1.203-3.711 for low PCS; OR, 2.099; 95% CI, 1.210-3.643 for low MCS).

      Conclusions

      These findings suggest that daily walking steps between 7,000 and 12,000 are associated with high HRQOL in adults with CKD.

      Keywords

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