Nutritional and Anthropometric Indices in Children Receiving Haemodiafiltration vs Conventional Haemodialysis - The HDF, Heart and Height (3H) Study


      The “HDF-Heart-Height” study showed that haemodiafiltration (HDF) is associated with improved growth compared to conventional haemodialysis (HD). We report a post-hoc analysis of this study assessing the effect of extracorporeal dialysis therapies on nutritional indices.


      107 children were included in the baseline cross-sectional analysis, of whom 79 (43 HD, 36 HDF) completed the 12-month follow-up. Height (Ht), optimal ‘dry’ weight (Wt), and body mass index (BMI) standard deviations scores (SDS), waist-to-hip ratio, des-acyl ghrelin (DAG), adiponectin, leptin, insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1)-SDS and insulin were measured.


      The levels of nutritional indices were comparable between HDF and HD patients at baseline and 12-month. On univariable analyses Wt-SDS positively correlated with leptin and IGF-1-SDS, and negatively with DAG, while Ht-SDS of the overall cohort positively correlated with IGF1-SDS and inversely with DAG and adiponectin. On multivariable analyses, higher 12-month Ht-SDS was inversely associated with baseline DAG (beta = −0.13 per 500 higher; 95%CI −0.22, −0.04; P = .004). Higher Wt-SDS at 12-month was positively associated with HDF modality (beta = 0.47 vs HD; 95%CI 0.12-0.83; P = .01) and inversely with baseline DAG (beta = −0.18 per 500 higher; 95%CI −0.32, -0.05; P = .006). Growth Hormone (GH) treated patients receiving HDF had higher annualized increase in Ht SDS compared to those on HD.


      In children on HD and HDF both Wt- and Ht-SDS independently correlated with lower baseline levels of the anorexygenic hormone DAG. HDF may attenuate the resistance to GH, but further studies are required to examine the mechanisms linking HDF to improved growth.


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